News: Seminari

Seminar by Massimiliano Bratti

SALA SEMINARI, FIRST FLOOR, PALAZZO LEVI CASES, VIA DEL SANTO 33 - 12.30

06.02.2018

What are you voting for? Proximity to refugee reception centres and voting in the 2016 Italian constitutional referendum

Joint with Claudio Deiana, Enkelejda Havari, Gianluca Mazzarella, and Elena Claudia Meroni

Seminar by Massimiliano Bratti, Università degli studi di Milano

In December 2016, the Italian electorate voted for a referendum on crucial constitutional reform promoted by the governing party. The official aims of the reform were both to improve the country's governability and stability and to simplify the institutional setup.
Despite not strictly being a political vote, the referendum was largely perceived as an assessment of the Prime Minister's work and the activity of his government. Using Italian municipality data, we provide novel empirical evidence on the impact of geographical proximity to refugee reception centres on voting behaviour.
Our analysis demonstrates that being closer to refugee centres increased the referendum turnout and the proportion of anti-government votes. On the one hand, the evidence is consistent with the fact that the main opposition parties exploited the anti-immigration sentiments that were mounting in the population to influence people's voting. On the other  hand, our results point out that at the time of the 2016 Italian referendum, when Italy was exposed to large and increasing waves of refugees, the refugee issue was not salient enough to be
determinant for the final outcome of the ballot.